South Carolina AHGP Information

Fairfield County

Fairfield, district, S. C. Situated in the central part of the state, and contains 796 sq. ms. The Wateree r. runs on its n. e. border, and Broad r. on the s. w. Little r., a branch of Broad r., runs through its w. part. Soil, light and fertile. Capital, Winnsboro. There were in 1840, neat cattle 16,021, sheep 6,924, swine 24,424; wheat 22,784, bush, produced, rye 2,136, Ind. corn 556,055, oats 57,125, potatoes 20,689, cotton 8,159,450 pounds; 41 stores, cap. $78,600; 16 grist m., 8 saw m., 1 acad. 25 students, 4 sch. 98 scholars. Pop. whites 7,587, slaves 12,505, free col'd 73; total, 20,165.
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Winnsborough, p-v., capital of Fairfield dist., S. C., 29 n. n. w. Columbia, 4S0 W. It is situated between Wateree and Little rivers, and contains a court house, jail, market house, 1 male and 1 female academy, 4 churches, 2 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, and 1 Methodist, 12 stores, 100 dwellings, and about 700 inhabitants. In the vicinity is a literary and theological seminary, under the direction of the Baptists, denominated "The Furnace Institution, for educating young men for the ministry. It has several fine buildings of brick.
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